Keraton Kadariah Pontianak is the central administration of the past, the structure of solid wood, founded by Sultan Syarif Abdurrahman Alqadrie in 1771. Palace gives a special attraction for visitors to the many artifacts or historic objects such as jewelry are used in a variety of from generation to generation since time immemorial. In addition, the collection throne, cannons, ancient objects, glassware and family photos that have faded, depicting the life of the past.
There is a pulpit made of wood, as well as some of the French antique mirror that was in the main hall by the local people are often called "glass thousand". Sultan also left property inheritance and other heritage objects to family members who are still there, to be maintained and cared for. Kadariah palace is located in the village in the Bugis area, this Eastern Pontianak districts, can be achieved in less than 15 minutes from the center of Pontianak.
Museum of West Kalimantan - also known as the State Museum is located in Pontianak Pontianak city as the capital of West Kalimantan. Diverse collection of West Kalimantan about some time, in good order at this museum, what else is the State Museum Pontianak be one of the 5 best museums throughout Indonesia.
In addition to storing objects of history, traditions, customs and culture, the museum also serves as a media coaching education history, as well as a leading tourist attraction. The museum opened to the public by the time of the visit Tuesday - Sunday, open from 08.00 am - 14.30 pm, while on Friday, start to open at 08.00 am - 11.00 pm, and on Mondays and public holidays the museum is closed.
Kecamatan Singkawang Selatan, Kota Singkawang, Kalimantan Barat
Pantai Pasir Panjang adalah obyek wisata alam berupa pantai yang berpasir putih dan panjang yang terletak di Kecamatan Tujuh Belas, Kota Singkawang, Kalimantan Barat. Pantai ini membentang sepanjang 3 kilometer, sehingga dinamakan pantai Pasir Panjang. Pantai ini memiliki pasir putih yang cantik dan ombak yang tenang. Pantai ini dapat dicapai dengan kendaraan selama 20 menit (17 km) dari pusat Kota Singkawang ke arah Kota Pontianak.
Komp. Rumah Adat Melayu, Jl. Sutan Syahrir, Sungai Bangkong, Pontianak Kota, Kota Pontianak, Kalimantan Barat 78113
When travelling up the Kapuas River, you will pass typical Dayak longhouses, with smoke wafting from atop roofs disappearing behind leafy ferns and rows of coconut trees. Inside, mothers will have just extracted the coconut juice to prepare a big dinner that smells most inviting. A Dayak longhouse consists of more than 50 rooms with many kitchens, making it one of the largest houses built. Although many may look delapidated, nonetheless, they are very sturdy, most built decades ago, and are made of strong ironwood.
The Dayaks are the original inhabitants native to Kalimantan, this large island which was once better known as “Borneo”. They live in the interior upper regions of this huge island, amidst dense rainforests and along banks of wide rivers. Once feared for their headhunting raids, the Dayaks today live peacefully from agriculture, forest products, weaving and wood carving.
The Dayak longhouse is a large communal dwelling, where an entire community of extended families resides. These longhouses, known as betang or lamin, are normally located along river banks and are built on strong posts raised above the seasonal flooding. Such longhouses, therefore, are usually built on 5 meters and sometimes even 8 meter posts, while entry to the house is by a tangka or ladder, notched into a huge log. As the ladder is pretty precarious, visitors must be careful when climbing.
The river is necessary for the community for the supply of water and food, and of course as a means for travel, and communications with the outside world. But today such longhouses are fast disappearing or falling into disuse as people prefer to live in smaller homes rather in one large communal dwelling.
One longhouse takes a large number of families. The longhouse at Putussibau, in the upper region of the Kapuas river, for example, counts 54 cubicles, called bilik, for as many families. There is however one long veranda set aside for communal meetings, rituals, ceremonies, cultural performances or other common activities, where daily, women may be seen busy weaving and the men carving their intricate woodwork. The longhouse, therefore, provides shelter and builds a framework for continuous, informal contacts and harmonious social relations.
In the village of Saham, some 158 km. from Pontianak, the longhouse is 186 meter long and 6 meters wide, and is inhabited by no less than 269 persons.
In these houses, each family is assigned the tasks of taking care of communal safety, each must be involved in ceremonies and rituals. In all, there is a division of labour but also emphasis is on cooperation. Nevertheless, distinction is still made between aristocrats and commoners. The leader is positioned in the center of the house, with the lowest ranking on the outer side near the entrance
The original longhouses are dispersed in various places, among which are in the district of Sunge Uluk Apalin, at Melapi, Semangkok, Sungai Utik, and at the Bukung district, all in the Kapuas Hulu Region, or the Upper Kapuas. Such longhouses have become part of Indonesia’s rich national heritage.
But, if you are not prepared to visit these tribal, long, train-like dwellings, a replica longhouse has been built for visitors in downtown Pontianak on Jalan M.T. Haryono. Standing inside and under this house, you can picture in your mind how incredible it must be if you were in the genuine dwelling itself together with some 50-odd families and livestock living below deck. This, together with the river cruise and sincere hospitality of the Dayak, would be an exceptional experience indeed.
Jl. Sutan Syahrir, Kel. Sungai Bangkong, Kec. Pontianak Kota, Kota Pontianak, Prop. Kalimantan Barat
Rumah Radakng adalah sebutan untuk rumah panjang suku Dayak Kanayatn di provinsi Kalimantan Barat. Di Kalimantan Barat mulai dari Kota Pontianak dapat kita jumpai replika rumah adat Dayak. Salah satunya berada di jalan Letjen Sutoyo. Walaupun hanya sebuah Imitasi, tetapi rumah Betang ini, cukup aktif dalam menampung aktivitas kaum muda dan sanggar seni Dayak. kemudian jika kita ke Arah Kabupaten Landak, maka kita akan menjumpai sebuah Rumah Betang Dayak di Kampung Sahapm Kec. Pahauman. Kemudian jika kita ke Kabupaten Sanggau, maka kita dapat melihat Rumah Betang di kampung Kopar Kecamatan Parindu, Kemudian selanjutnya jika kita ke kabupaten Sekadau, maka kita dapat melihat rumah betang di Kampung Sungai Antu Hulu, Kecamatan Belitang Hulu, Kemudian di kabupaten Sintang kita Dapat melihat rumah Betang di Desa Ensaid panjang, Kecamatan Kelam, Kemudian Di Kapuas Hulu, Kita juga dapat melihat Masih banyak rumah-rumah betang Dayak yang masih lestari.
Jl. Rahadi Usman, Pontianak Kota, Kota Pontianak, Provinsi Kalimantan Barat
This recreational park is located on the Rahadi Usman road, exactly in front of the mayors Office. Kapuas square garden with its water front city is beautiful and comfortable place to relax while enjoying views of the Kapuas river.
As the city is located close to the river, which is meeting the Kapuas River and Landak River, ferry or canoe is the transport that bridges downtown to Siantan suburban areas and Kampung Beting.
Lake Sentarum National Park (LSNP) is a park protecting one of the world most biodiverse lake-systems situated deep in the Heart of Borneo, in province of West Kalimantan.
Located in the Kapuas Hulu Regency, the Park lies in the upper Kapuas River tectonic basin some 700 kilometers upstream from the delta. The basin is a vast floodplain, consisting of about 20 seasonal lakes, freshwater swamp forests and peat swamp forests which local people call Lebak lebung (floodplain). Home to a wide variety of wildlife, the national park is the best place to observe activities of the true inhabitants of the Borneo Jungle such as the orangutans, proboscis monkeys, long tailed macaques, and many others in the beautiful setting of a unique lake system.
The area was first gazetted as a Wildlife Reserve in 1982 when it extended over 80,000 hectares, with just under one-third consisting of open water. In 1994 it was enlarged to 132,000 hectares to include extensive tracts of peat swamp forest, and several hill ranges with dry lowland- and heath forest (a type of tropical moist forest found in areas with acidic, sandy soils that are extremely nutrient-poor). In April 1994, Lake Sentarum was declared Indonesia second Ramsar Wetland of International Importance, thus drawing international attention to this unique area. On 4 February 1999, its status was upgraded to that of national park, however a National Park Authority was only established in 2006.
The lakes in Lake Sentarum park are remarkable for their fish diversity. 240-266 fish species have been identified, including 12-26 new to science. As the lakes measure only 25,000 hectares, this diversity is remarkable when compared to Europe, where a total of only 195 primary freshwater fish are known. In fact, Lake Sentarum harbors one of the world most diverse fish fauna of any floodplain lake system. Of the 71 tropical and temperate lakes listed for their biodiversity by World Conservation Monitoring Center (WCMC) in 1992, Lake Sentarum (which is not listed) is surpassed only by Lake Tanganyika and Lake Malawi. LSNP is also the home for two highly popular aquarium fish: the rare and valuable red variety of the endangered Asian Arowana (Scleropaged legendrei) and the Clown Loach Botia or Tiger Botia (Chromobotia macracanthus). The latter is known only to live at Danau Sentarum and several locations in Jambi, Sumatra.
The national park is known to have the largest remaining populations of orangutans (Pongo pygmaeus) and is also considered to have the largest inland population of proboscis monkey (Nasalis larvatus) on the entire Borneo Island. The two families of apes are among 23 endemic fauna that make up 147 mammal species found in the Lake Sentarum Park. There are also 237 bird species recorded including the Storm Stork and Great Argus, and 26 reptile species including the False Gavial and Estuarine Crocodile. The mammals diversity in the national park contribute 29 percents to the 515 variety of mammals found in Indonesia which is regarded as the largest in the world.
The area of LSNP is also rich in flora diversity. Research revealed that there are a total of 675 species of flora in 97 families found in the national park. From that number, 33 are endemic to Lake Sentarum and 10 are newly discovered species. Most of the vegetation found in Lake Sentarum are unique and have different appearances than those outside of Lake Sentarum. One of the examples is the Dichilante borneesis, which is rare and endemic to the national park and regarded as the missing link between the families of Rubiaceae. Other fascinating feature of the national park is the existence of a type of vegetation endemic to the Amazon Jungle, the Crateva relegiosa, which came to be known to the locas who call these the Pungguk Tree.
Lake Sentarum is dominated by a marked fluctuation in water levels of the lakes and streams. During the highest tide, the lakes depth can go from 6 to 8 meters. The waters in LSNP are reddish-brown due to the high level of tannin from the decomposing leaves and branches of various trees. The unique water condition and the annual cycle of rising and falling water levels dominate the ecosystem and exert a strong influence on the lives of its people, plants and animals.
From the capital of West Kalimantan, Pontianak, rented cars can be the alternative to get to Lake Sentarum National Park by taking the Pontianak-Sintang-Semitau route , which will take approximately 11 hours. For a more interesting experience you may want to take the river course, by taking a 7 hours Bandung boat ride from Sintang to Semitau. From Semitau, the only transportation option available to get to the national Park is by boat.
For a shorter trip, you can take about an hour and a half flight from Pontianak to the nearest town to Lake Sentarum Park, which is Putussibau. From Putussibau you can take the Bandung boat for about 7 hours before you reach the national park.
Danau Sentarum National Park Office:
Jl. C.Oevang Oeray No. 43 Sintang
Telp./Fax. +62 (565)22242
e-mail : email@example.com
Located on the border between Ketapang and North Kayon in the province of West Kalimantan, Mount Palung National Park is one of the largest national parks in Indonesia. Officially open to the public in 1990, Mount Palung National Park covers a total area of approximately 90,000 hectares containing many animal species including birds, mammals, as well as many rare floras. The main attraction of the national park is the undisputed ruler of the Borneo rainforests: the orangutan (Pongo satyrus). These rare and unique primates find their playground safely protected behind the thick trees in the jungles of Mount Palung .
An encounter with these gentle and friendly giants on their own turf will provide an insight into how orangutans live their daily life in the wild. An estimated 2,000 orangutans inhabit the area, roaming the land from the heart of the jungle all the way to the peat lands on its outer rim.
Other peculiar faces of this jungle are the uniquely long-nosed proboscis monkeys (Nasalis larvatus). Along with the orangutans, the proboscis monkeys are among many of the endemic species inhabiting Mount Palung National Park.
Other animals that also dwell in the jungle of Mount Palung are the land squirrels (Lariscus hosei), forest deer (Muntiacus muntjak pleiharicus), honey bears (Helarctos malayanus euryspilus), beruk apes (Macaca nemestrina), klampiau (Hylobates muelleri), lemurs (Nyticebus coucang borneanus), rangkong badak (Buceros rhinoceros borneoensis), kancil (Tragulus napu borneanus), forest chicken (Gallus gallus), enggang gading (Rhinoplax vigil), Siamese Crocodile (Crocodylus siamensis), Ivory turtles (Orlitia borneensis), penyu tempayan (Caretta caretta), and the rare canary squirrels.
Similar to other forests in West Kalimantan, Mount Palung National Park is decorated with various species of flora including: jelutung (Dyera costulata), ramin (Gonystylus bancanus), damar (Agathis borneensis), pulai (Alstonia scholaris), rengas (Gluta renghas),Ulin woods(Eusideroxylon zwageri), Bruguiera sp., Lumnitzera sp., Rhizophora sp., Sonneratia sp,the strangler ara, and many herbal plants. The special flowers found in this national park are the exotic black orchids (Coelogyne pandurata). These tropical beauties can easily be found near the Matan River especially in the months of February to April when many are in full bloom.
As a National Park, the significance of Mount Palung Park is not only limited to the country, but also to the rest of the world as its diverse flora and fauna act as one of the earth’s richest bio-diverse ecosystems. There are at least 7 types of vegetations found within the Mount Palung National Park, they include mangrove forests, swamp forests, alluvial forests, tropical lowland, tropical highland forests, and sub- alpine forests.
Being a place of such importance, Mount Palung National Park is dubbed by many as Kalimantan’s “Eden” as it features such a wide variety of colorful flora and fauna. From the exotic Black Orchid to the gentle orangutans, Mount Palung National Park is unmistakably the main gate into Borneo’s tropical wilderness.
From Jakarta or Kuching, it is approximately about a 75 minutes flight to Pontianak’s airport. From there, it’s another hour’s flight to reach Ketapang Airport. Ketapang is the starting point to make the two hour overland journey to Sukadana, which is the entry point to Mount Palung National Park. If you feel adventurous, you can take a 5-hour hike through thick jungle and high bushes to get to the heart of Mount Palung. Alternately, you can take a 6-hour motorboat ride or, for a one-of-a-kind experience, try the traditional boat ride that can take up to 8 hours.
For more Information, rules and regulations, and reservation, you can contact:
Balai Taman Nasional Gunung Palung
Address: Jl Wahid Hasyim 41A Ketapang, West Kalimantan, Indonesia
Jl. Jenderal Ahmad Yani, Bansir Laut, Pontianak Tenggara, Kota Pontianak, Kalimantan Barat 78115
Monumen yang diresmikan oleh Gubernur Kalimantan Barat H. Soedjiman pada 10 November 1987 ini pada awalnya berbentuk sebelas tonggak menyerupai bambu runcing yang berwarna kuning polos. Pada tahun 1995, monumen ini dicat ulang dengan warna merah-putih. Penggunaan warna merah-putih ini menjadikan sebagian warga menganggap monumen ini lebih mirip lipstik daripada bambu runcing. Kemudian, pada tahun 2006 dilakukan renovasi pada monumen ini sehingga berbentuk lebih mirip bambu runcing seperti penampakan saat ini.
Monumen ini didirikan sebagai peringatan atas perjuangan sebelas tokoh Sarekat Islam di Kalimantan Barat, yang dibuang ke Boven Digoel, Irian Barat karena khawatir pergerakan mereka akan memicu pemberontakan terhadap pemerintah Hindia Belanda di Kalimantan. Tiga dari sebelas tokoh tersebut meninggal pada saat pembuangan di Boven Digoel dan lima di antaranya wafat dalam Peristiwa Mandor.
Jalan Khatulistiwa, Pontianak Utara, Propinsi Kalimantan Barat
About five kilometers north of the center of Pontianak, can be found a sign that the Equator divides the earth into two parts. This place is signed by a pillar or monument discovered in 1928 by an expedition Astronomy Netherlands. In 1938 or exactly ten years later, "the Equator Monument" renovated and re-developed by an Indonesian architect named Sylaban.
Natural events are unique in that the position of the point of intersection between the center of the sun with the Equator is at 109° 201 00" east longitude, or called the culmination, occurs in every March and September 21-23 before noon. At that time all the objects that are around the monument did not have a clue. The highlight event is the culmination of the sun can be seen only about 5-10 minutes. While waiting for the culmination of events, in the equatorial monument Pontianak held a series of traditional events attended by local and foreign tourists.